Yesterday we learned the importance of physical cleanliness in Islam. Just as our body requires regular cleaning, a human soul requires cleaning too, and praying works that way. So today’s topic is Salat or Namaz.
I request y’all to refer to the last year’s Ramadan video about Salat to understand the basics first.
The only aim of these videos is to provide information on Shiite Ahkaam and its importance. We DO NOT aim to mock or disrespect any religious sect or their beliefs.
So let’s get into it.
Let’s first understand the obligatory prayers:
Obligatory or Wajib Prayers are the ones that every Muslim is obligated to perform and the abandonment of which leads to divine punishment, and when they are not performed in their due time, it gets obligatory to perform their qada’s (that is, compensations).
Prayers obligatory on a Muslim are:
-Daily Salat : the daily 5 salats, that we already know about. –
Including the Friday prayer: Salat al-Jumuah which is Wajib-e-Taqeeri, Unlike Wajib-e-Aini like: Fajr, Dhor, Asar, Magrib,
-Salat al-Ayat: Al-Ayat prayer which literally means the “prayer of signs” is among the obligatory prayers that mukallaf people must perform upon the occurrence of certain natural events. Its performance is to acknowledge that these events are signs of God’s power and accurate order of natural world. It prevents human being from superstitions and vain fantasies, directs his attention toward God and takes away his fear and distress and calms his heart.
Salat al-Ayat must be performed in case there is an eclipse- Solar or Lunar, or an earthquake where one is present
Al Ayat prayer is only obligatory when instances like eclipses can be seen through the naked eye, but if it is so partial that it can be only seen using instruments or is very transient and ends soon, it’s not obligatory.
-Salat al-Mayyit: Salat al-mayyit which literally translates to the “prayer of the dead” is one of the burial rites to be given upon the death of a Muslim. It is wajib al-kifa’i, meaning, it is obligatory on every Muslim but as soon as it is performed correctly by one of them, it remains no more obligatory on others; but if no one offers the prayer everyone is a sinner.
-Salat for the obligatory Tawaf of the holy Ka’bah.
-Qadha Salat of a father which is, as a precaution, obligatory upon his eldest son.
-Salat which becomes obligatory on account of hire, vow or oath.
Now let’s discuss about the clothes we’re supposed to wear while offering the prayers:
There are certain rules laid down concerning this:
1. The clothes must be tahir (clean): The Salat in najis clothes is invalid (batil).
2. They must be mubah, not ghasbi. Salat in ghasbi clothes is batil. Clothes purchased by money from which zakat or khums (when wajib) was not given is ghasbi; and prayer with such clothes is batil.
3. The dress shouldn’t be a part of an animal whose meat is not halal. Therefore, the hide of an elephant and such things are not allowed in Salat.
4. It shouldn’t be a part of any dead animal. Meat, hide and fat are not to be taken from a dead animal unless it is known that it was a zabiha (lawfully killed animal). Therefore, leather belts or similar items are not allowed in Salat.
6. It is not allowed to pray in clothes which have the sweat of an animal which eats refuse of human beings.
7. For men, the clothes shouldn’t be made from gold, whether it is pure gold or mixed. But there is no harm in keeping gold in pocket.
8. Likewise men are not allowed to wear pure silk.
The conditions to dress wajib for both men and women during namaz include covering only those parts of their body which they are supposed to cover ordinarily in the presence of a ‘stranger’. Hence it is permissible for a woman to expose during salat that part of her face which is washed during wudu, her hands up to the wrists, and her feet up to the ankles both the back as well as the palms of hands and the soles of feet.
For a man, it is wajib to cover the rear and the private parts, though better to cover the entire area between the navel and the knees.
Now, there are places where offering prayers is makrooh:
It is not liked to pray in a dirty place, or butchery, or in a place where fire is burning, or when there is fire before a person, or where there are photos of human beings or animals, or with open Qur’an before him or any open book. It is also makruh to pray in burial ground, or on a grave, or behind a grave, or between two graves, or where there is a human being facing him. It is makruh to pray in a bath-house (hammam), or on roads, or facing an open door, or in a salty place, or in a room wherein someone is junub.
It is certainly obligatory that a person, while offering namaz that he prays in the sequence prescribed by the shari’ah, (Tartib) and without any interruption or gap (Muwalaat).
Now let’s talk about Sajdah, or prostration:
Sajdah is allowed on anything that grows from the earth, provided it is from those things which are not eaten nor worn.
Therefore, Sajdah is not allowed on clothes or fruits or vegetables, or on such a thing which is not considered a part of earth such as metals like gold and silver.
Thus sajdah is not correct on hide or skin, because it doesn’t grow from the earth; nor is it allowed on carpets made of wool, cotton, jute or silk, because wool and silk do not grow from earth and cotton and jute are used in clothes.
Sajdah on paper is allowed.
Highest preference has been given for performing sajdah on the earth from a specified area in Karbala. That earth is called ‘khak al-shifa’, readymade tablets of which are available and are called ‘muhr, or ‘turbat’ or ‘sajdah-gah: in different languages.
The muhr must be clean. Dirty tablets are not allowed in prayers. Also, the size of muhr should not be less than your own thumb.
The obligatory sajdah in the holy quran:
Upon reciting or hearing any of the following verses of the holy Qur’an, the performance of Sajdah becomes obligatory:
Surat-us-Sajdah, verse 15,
Surah Fussilat, verse 38,
Surat-un-Najm, verse 62,
and Surat-ul-Alaq, verse 19.
Anybody who recites the verse or listens to it must do sajdah at the end of it. If one recites it while listening to it, he should do two sajdahs.
Moving forward, here’s the most important part! Do you know the things you should avoid that can invalidate your prayers?
Well, let’s see
There are twelve things that render prayers void and they are called mubtilat.
1. If while offering prayers, one of the necessary conditions of prayers ceases to exist. For example, if the person concerned comes to know that the dress with which he has covered himself is an usurped one.
2. While offering prayers a person is faced, intentionally or by mistake or owing to helplessness, with a situation which makes his ablutions or bath (Ghusl) void – for example, if urine is discharged from his body. However, as regards a person who cannot control his faeces or urine, his prayers will not become void if he acts according to the instructions detailed earlier in connection with ablutions. Similarly if blood is discharged from the body of a mustahiza (a woman in her undue menses) while she is offering prayers, her prayers will not become void if she acts upon the orders relating to istihaza.
3. If a person holds his hands with the intention that it is a part of the prayers, his prayers will be nullified by doing so. In case, however, he does not do so with this intention, but only as a mark of respect, he should, on the basis of obligatory precaution, re-offer the prayers.
4. Next thing which nullifies prayers is that one says Amin without the intention of supplication, or considers it to be a part of prayers. In case, however. he utters this word only with the intention of supplication, or by mistake, or by way of taqayyah his prayers does not become void.
5. The fifth thing which nullifies prayers is that a person keeps his back whether intentionally or by mistake, towards Qibla or may move towards the right or left side of Qibla. In fact if he intentionally turns from the direction of Qibla to such an extent that the people do not say that he is facing Qibla his prayers will become void even though he may not turn fully towards the right or the left side.
6., One should avoid uttering a word, consisting of one or more letters, intentionally, though it may carry no meaning.
7. The seventh thing which makes prayers void is to laugh intentionally with voice. In case, therefore, a person laughs intentionally, but without voice, or by mistake with voice, what is apparent is that his prayers is not invalidated.
8: One who intentionally weeps loudly in connection with worldly affairs, his prayers will be nullified. and the obligatory precaution is that he should not weep for worldly affairs even without voice. However, if he weeps with or without voice, on account of fear of Allah or for the Hereafter there is no harm in it and in fact it is one of the best acts which a person performs.
9: One who performs an act which may destroy the form of prayers (for example clapping one’s hands or jumping), his prayers will be nullified, and it is immaterial whether that act is done intentionally or by mistake. However there is no harm in performing an act which does not change the form of prayers (for example making a sign with one’s hand).
10: Eating or drinking.
11: If while offering the prayers, one forgets in which unit he’s in, at a point of time and he doubts about it, such that he cannot remember and continues to remain in doubt, the prayer is broken.
12: If a person decreases or increases the basic or non basic elements (Arkaan) of the prayers either intentionally or inadvertently (for example bowing and two prostrations in one unit), his prayers will be nullified. However, increase in Takbiratul Ehram by mistake does not nullify the prayers.
So these were the mistakes one should avoid making while offering his prayers.
That’s it for today
Insh’Allah Tomorrow we shall discuss another pillar of Islam- Fasting, in the same manner!
Until then IltemaseDu’a??? Wassalam